India Study

Study on "Climate change and fisheries: Perspectives from small-scale fishing communities in India on measures to protect life and livelihood"

The study is unique in that it will look at perceptions of climate change amongst coastal fishing communities and develop proposals for adaptation and mitigation in consultation with them. Based on existing literature, and also enquiries conducted with fishing communities in selected coastal areas, the study will look at threats from climate change to human settlements, in particular from changed work and occupational patterns and from changed distribution of fishery resources, with a view to developing greater clarity on how these factors exacerbate poverty and food insecurity in coastal areas. The study will then propose fishery-dependent, and independent, adaptation and mitigation measures arrived at through a participatory process with representatives of coastal fishing communities, including women, and other relevant stakeholders.

The study has the following objectives.

  • Assess perceptions of fishing communities about the impact of climate variability/change on their life and livelihood;
  • Assess knowledge, institutions and practices of fishing communities of relevance to climate change preparedness;
  • Identity adaptation and mitigation measures which may need to be adopted by fishing communities and the state in relation to climate change; and
  • Propose measures to protect life and livelihood of small-scale fishing communities in the context of climate change policies and programmes at different levels.

Reports of the Study:

Review of Literature, February 2011, by Ahana Lakshmi

Final report of the study

Executive Summary of the study (English) (Telugu) (Malayalam)(Bengali)

Through consultations with key fisheries-based stakeholders in four States of India, this study attempts to assess perceptions of fishing communities about the impact of climate change on their lives and livelihoods. It also evaluates the traditional knowledge, institutions and practices of fishing communities that are relevant to climate-change preparedness. The study identifies adaptation and mitigation measures that may need to be adopted by fishing communities and the State in relation to climate change. Based on this overall analysis, the study proposes measures to protect the lives and livelihoods of small-scale fishing communities in the context of climate change policies and programmes at different levels.